ARF will efficiently convert cellulosic biomass from forestry maintenance into premium #2 renewable diesel fuel. The refinery’s use of certified and commercially proven technologies, coupled with using cellulosic feed stock diverted from landfills, solves several major environmental problems – overflowing landfills; environmentally damaging disposal and reduction techniques; and the elimination of harmful emissions and inefficient synthetic fuel production techniques.
Biomass, in its simplest form, is defined as organic matter renewable over time. Woody biomass is the accumulated mass, above and below ground, of the roots, wood, bark, and leaves of living and dead woody shrubs and trees. Woody biomass is primarily comprised of carbohydrates and lignin produced through the photosynthetic process.
Woody biomass can be used for generating electricity, producing biofuels, and making biochemicals such as adhesives, solvents, plastics, inks, and lubricants. Rising fuel costs, uncertainty about energy supplies, dependence on foreign energy sources, and concern about global climate change and air quality make renewable natural energy alternatives more attractive, such
as that produced from woody biomass.
Gasification is the thermochemical conversion of an organic material into a valuable gaseous product, called syngas, and a solid product, called char. The biomass gasification represents an efficient process for the production of power and heat and the production of hydrogen and second-generation biofuels.
The Fischer-Tropsch (FT) process, originally developed by Franz Fischer and Hans Tropsch in early 1920s, is a series of chemical reactions that involve the conversion of hydrogen and carbon monoxide into liquid hydrocarbons by using a catalyst.
This process is a key component of gas to liquid technology. It produces synthetic lubrication oil and synthetic fuel including natural gas, biomass or coal. These products are of higher quality than those derived through conventional means, having no sulphur or aromatics.